Despite the economic downturn in Spain, the high levels of unemployment and the consequent labor market in decline, there are sectors that continue to generate employment, albeit at a slowing pace.
According to the latest Labour Force Survey (LFS), continuous research and quarterly whose main purpose is to obtain data on the workforce and its various categories (employed, unemployed), prepared by the National Institute for Statistics Spain, in the last 12 months, unemployment has increased in all sectors except construction (105,300 fewer unemployed) .
According to the same EPA survey, the service sector has continued to experience job losses (170,500 unemployed in the first quarter of 2013). However, within this category, the areas of personal services (hairdresser, massage, pedicure, etc.) and tourism are experiencing low unemployment rates, which stand as areas with potential employment prospects.
During 2012, the area of personal services was the sector that grew the workforce, generating nearly 30,000 new jobs.
Tourism, meanwhile, represents an industry of great importance for the country. In Spain it is considered the fourth most competitive in the world in tourism country , behind Switzerland, Germany and Austria, due to its low price, experience in services and official sector support (according to the World Economic Forum).
In 2012, Spain received a total of 57.7 million foreign tourists, 2.7% more than in 2011 . This represents the third best year ever in the arrival of tourists to Spain after 2006 (58.4 million) and 2007 (59.2 million).
During the first quarter of 2013, Spain received 9.4 million foreign tourists, representing a 2.3% increase over the same period of 2012.
Tourism is a sector that offers certainly good employment prospects for the Spanish in 2013 .
The Spanish employers seek specialized technicians and skilled workers. This is suggested by the Spanish company HR management, Adecco, which produced a report describing the profiles most sought after in Spain in 2013. According to the study conducted by the company, the occupations most in demand in the market Spanish currently are:
• Crew cabin : technical training and job to ensure the safety and comfort of passengers aboard a plane is required.
• Responsible for food quality : with secondary or higher education, this professional ensures the hygiene and quality in the processes of industrial food production.
• Cameraman : a worker with secondary or technical studies in charge of operating a camera and audiovisual equipment.
• Operator automotive specialist : a qualified specialist bolting, assembly, wiring and manipulation of parts in an assembly line worker in the automotive sector.
• Commercial cash or bank teller : is a technician who is responsible for direct customer in a bank.
• Manager recoveries : a technician who make calls to delinquent customers in order to arrange payment and establish alternatives to debt collection.
• Sales Promoter : is a technician with expertise in marketing and sales which is responsible for advising a client in order to close a sale.
• Operator specializing in the pharmaceutical sector : with a degree in technical training area, this worker ensures the marketing and sale of pharmaceutical products area.
• Bartender floors : not required specialized training and provides maintenance, housekeeping room of a hotel. Tourism and Hospitality.
• carretilleros : does not require specialized training and group addresses, using a wheelbarrow, finished product batches in a factory.
• Assistant Directors : a technical or university training is required and the profile is that of a secretary or administrative assistant in a company.
At the professional level, as Adecco, two races with job opportunities:
• Engineer for overseas : a professional engineer any area (but especially civil, electrical, mechanical and process), who has ability and willingness to constantly move abroad.
• Professionals “Business Intelligence” : a professional IT sector (Information Technology) expert methodologies, processes, architectures and technologies to transform raw data into meaningful and useful information for commercial purposes. It is a professional, usually from computer engineering, fluent in languages.
The aforementioned study seems to form the view that, in Spain, in the professional level, skilled workers from any branch of engineering and computer, preferably with English proficiency, first, and the French are valued or German as second choices; professional experience and endorsement of practice or internship course; and availability to travel and relocate.
Also important is the further training of these workers by employment trend suggesting assigning different tasks to the same person, especially in small and medium enterprises. In that sense, specialization courses and a Master of Business Administration (MBA) are key elements that will enable the applicant through the first filter a prospective employer.
Career opportunities for provinces of Spain
In Spain the crisis and unemployment Provinces that have lower unemployment rates than the national average, located around 27%
The latest survey (LFS), compiled by the National Institute of Surveys, reveals that Guipúzcoa (13.27%) remained below the average national rate, like the Basque Country, which shows a 16.28% unemployment. The Balearic Islands is the only range with a positive annual rate of 0.37%, ie 1,600 new employees .
Meanwhile, Extremadura (-2.12%), Valencia (-2.64%) and Canarias (-2.70%) have the least adverse negative rates.
During the first quarter of 2013, the number of assets increased in Canary Islands (7700 more), Asturias (4000) and Madrid (3900).
The area most affected by unemployment is Andalusia (36.87%), with the highest unemployment rate in Spain.
The trend plots indicate that the less beaten Spain is north , in rural or industrial areas, away from the big city.
According to a study conducted in 2012 by the Organization of Consumers and Users, among people over 30 Spanish cities, the towns where it is easier to get work are: Pamplona, Vitoria, Logroño, Bilbao, Albacete, Zaragoza, Oviedo , Madrid, Valladolid and Barcelona . Albacete only represents the south.
The southern Andalusia at the head of arrest, offers, however, some exceptions. The municipalities of Chilluevar and Santiago Pontones, for example, seem to resist the regional average of unemployment thanks to its wealthy industries export of olive oil. So the conclusion seems calara:regions with export capacity can withstand the onslaught of unemployment .
In Guipúzcoa, where unemployment remains below the national average, jobs are based on the consolidated industrial sector and the business system cooperatives in the region with over 50 years of tradition.
For many analysts, regional export industries Spain are those that can generate economic growth and employment in the coming years.